Poker Rules of Texas Hold Em

This is a very simple game of poker that has been popularized in televised tournament events and in major motion picture films.  Texas Hold Em is probably the game of poker that you think about when the topic of poker is brought up.  The quick rundown of the game is this:

  • The dealer deals two cards which are face down to each player at the table.
  • There are then five community cards that the dealer places face up in the center of the table.
  • Players can then make their poker hands from the best five cards from their two cards and the five community cards.
  • The player that has the best cards wins the poker hand and takes the pot.

Additionally, there are poker concepts and poker game types that players should familiarize themselves with to make the action at the table smooth and fast for all the players.

Poker Game Types

The Fixed Limit Game

In a fixed limit game, the raise amount and the bet amount in each round have a set amount.  In a $10/$20 game, the best and the raises within the first and second rounds of bets must be $10 and in the third and fourth rounds the raise and bet amounts would be set at $20. 

The Pot Limit Game

With a pot limit, raises and bets can never be more than the amount within the pot.  If, for example, the pot is at $50 then the players are not allowed to bet above $50.  When a player raises, they must include their call amount in their calculation.  This is to say that a player in a game where the current pot is $200 and $200 has been bet by an opponent, the player now has a maximum bet of $600.

The No Limit Game

As the name suggests, there are no limits in this type of poker game.  Players are permitted to bet and raise as much as they want during the rounds of betting.  This is the most popular poker game type around as it produces the largest pots and makes for exciting game.

Poker Concepts


Blinds are bets which are required by two players at the beginning of each poker hand.  These bets are placed before the dealer first deals and are broken into what are called the big blind and the small blind.  Blinds are basically what get the game started as anyone that wants to play a hand has to call or raise to the amount of the big blind.

Dealer Button

The dealer button is a placeholder that lets players know who will be dealt to first and who will take action last.  The player that the dealer button is on is the last player that takes action during the hand and the player to the left of the dealer button is first to be dealt to.  The player left of the dealer button is also the first player to post the small blind and take action.

Pre Flop

Pre flop are the two cards that are dealt to the players before the flop.  Pre flop cards, which are dealt face down, are also referred to as hole cards or pocket cards.  When all of the cards have been dealt, the player past the big blind then takes an action to call the big blind, raise the big blind or fold.

The Flop

These are the three cards that are dealt to the center of the table.  The cards are shared by all of the players to make a complete hand with their hole cards.

The Turn

This is the fourth card which is dealt to the center of the table and shared.  The turn is also referred to as fourth street.  The turn card is also used as part of the players’ hand, with the best five cards being their final hand.

The River

This is the final card that is dealt to the center of the table.  The river card is also shared by all of the players and will be part of the players’ hand.

The Showdown

Finally, when all cards have been dealt and all the bets made at the table are called, the showdown is where each player reveals their cards.  The poker player with the best five cards will win and take the pot except in situations where there is a draw and the pot is split.  Players also have the option to fold their cards without showing the other players what those cards are; this is called muck your cards.